By now, you may be aware of the alarming fact that there are now more than 3.5 million people in the US with breast cancer, more than double the number in the early 1970s.
The figures are staggering and they’re not all down to our rising rates of infection and other health problems.
In fact, they are linked to a wide range of factors, including increased mortality rates from breast cancer and associated diseases, a decline in physical activity, increased alcohol consumption and a number of other factors.
In this article, I’m going to explain why.
First, what is breast cancer?
The word “breast” is used for a wide variety of cancers, from benign to malignant, but the common definition is to have the tumour, the lining of the breast that houses the milk-producing cells.
In women, the most common types of breast cancer are: small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), a form of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NLM) that is more common in women than men.
There are two types of SCLC, which are called “small-cell” and “medium-cell”.
In the former, the cancer develops from the nipple and ducts, and can spread from the lymph nodes to other parts of the body, including the brain.
In the latter, the tumours can develop from a lump of tissue called a corpus lumna, or “white lump” – a lump in the breast, about the size of a pebbit.
Second, what causes breast cancer?
“The first thing to know is that breast cancer is not a disease of women.
It is more commonly known as “breasts” or “breAST”, the acronym stands for Breast, Anticancer and Endocrine Tumour Research, a reference to the breast cancer research team at the University of Melbourne.
The second thing to understand is that it is not caused by anything we eat.
A large proportion of breast cancers can be prevented by being more physically active, and in women this includes running or swimming.
“Small cells, like lymphomas and sarcomas, can be caused by genetic mutations in the cells themselves, but they’re also the result of a protein called the receptor protein that’s made up of a bunch of little bits of DNA called transcription factors that regulate gene expression.” “
There are three types of cancer: small cells, medium cells and large cells,” says Professor Michael Stokes, an expert on breast cancer at the Royal Melbourne Hospital and the head of the cancer division at the Victorian Cancer Research Institute.
“Small cells, like lymphomas and sarcomas, can be caused by genetic mutations in the cells themselves, but they’re also the result of a protein called the receptor protein that’s made up of a bunch of little bits of DNA called transcription factors that regulate gene expression.”
Stokes explains that the genes are in the receptor proteins that can make cells divide and produce new cells.
“The receptor proteins are all in the same spot on the breast gland, but when you have a cell that’s been damaged by a virus, or by chemotherapy, it’s a bit like a little nail sticking out,” he says.
“It can also form a kind of ring around the cell and, when you look at that, you can see that it’s got the genes that it needs.”
And when you see a lot of cancers with similar shapes and shapes to breast cancer tumours, Stokes says it’s important to recognise that they’re just the cells that were damaged in a way that was associated with cancer, and the next step is to find out what the receptor for that gene is, what proteins it makes and how they work.
If you have breast cancer or have any of these other types of tumours that you know are related, you might think that you’d have the genes, but these genes are located in the gland.
It’s there in the lining, not the tummy, and these proteins are what help the cells to differentiate into a new form of cancer.
However, there’s a twist.
In order to make cancer cells differentiate into more cancerous ones, the receptor must change, says Stokes.
As a result, a tumours tumour has a specific shape to it, which is where the gene for the receptor changes.
So the tumouring tumour is actually making a new version of the receptor, which can be useful in helping to prevent more cancers.
This is because, when a tumouring cell makes a new receptor, it makes up of some of the same proteins, but some of those proteins are different to those in the normal cell.
For example, the protein that makes up the receptor in a breast cancer cell is called PPAR-alpha, which makes up one of the three types (small- and medium-cell) of receptors found in normal cells. When PPARα changes, it